目的 建立HPLC同时测定制川乌炮制废水中6种毒性生物碱成分含量和UC测定总生物碱含量的方法，总结炮制废水中生物碱含量的变化规律。方法 采用HPLC同时测定6种生物碱成分；采用UV法测定总生物碱含量。结果 HPLC法和UV法在研究的线性范围内线性关系均良好，制川乌炮制废水中6种毒性生物碱成分随着炮制时间的推移有所降低。结论 建立的6种生物碱成分含量和总生物碱含量测定方法均简便、稳定、准确，可以为该废水的减毒处理提供检测手段。
This study was aimed to establish a method for simultaneous determination of 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids in Radix Aconiti processing wastewater by HPLC and the total alkaloid content by UC, and to determine the changes of alkaloid content in the processing wastewater. The determination of 6 toxic alkaloids in Radix Aconiti processing wastewater was simultaneously conducted by HPLC. The the total alkaloid content was detected by UC. The results showed that the linear range of HPLC method and UC method was good. The content of 6 kinds of toxic alkaloids and total alkaloid in the processing wastewater of Radix Aconiti decreased with the processing time. It was concluded that the method was convenient, stable and accurate for simultaneous determination of the six alkaloids content in the processing wastewater of Radix Aconiti, which could provide the basis for the attenuated treatment of the wastewater.